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Lenfant, F., On business, conflict and peace: Interaction and collaboration in Central Africa, PhD Thesis, University of Amsterdam

This dissertation explores business interaction with peace and conflict in Central Africa. The findings indicate that hybrid organizational forms, which combine a social mission with commercial activities, seem well suited to tackle issues found in (post-) conflict settings because they have a clear social agenda embedded in their organizational objectives, they are keen to engage positively with all stakeholders, they promote a sense of togetherness, and they are directly involved in development work at community level. The findings also suggest that transformative partnerships that have a high level of community participation, take into consideration issues directly related to conflicts such as ethnic divides, community-government relations, artisanal mining, and transparency, or tackle root causes of conflicts are more likely to contribute to peace and reconciliation.


Lenfant, F., Coffee for Peace in Congo, in People Building Peace 2.0, GPPAC, The Hague

Winner of the Story for Peace Award, 2012

People Building Peace 2.0 represents a unique insight into the peace building world. The book contains not only the 25 winning Stories of Peace, but also offers an interesting overview on the evolving role of social media in the field of conflict prevention. The author of the best story, François Lenfant, received the first copy of the book at the Peace Portal Launch, which took place in The Hague on January 26th, 2012. 

Lenfant, F. & Traoré, M. (2015). The Mountain Gave Birth to a Mouse- The socio-economic impact of mining in the Kayes region of Mali. International Alert 

This report assesses the impact of mining companies’ community investments on local populations, as well as the impact of mining operations on local socio-economic development and conflicts in Mali – specifically in the Kayes region. The research found that, whereas there has been improvement in the amount of wages paid to those engaged in the mining industry, including locals, the jobs and community projects on offer have yet to benefit all the villages affected by mining operations.


Other publications

Konijn, P. & Lenfant, F. (2013). Brazil-Africa: Booming business across the AtlanticAfrica Studies Centre info sheet, 18.

Kolk, A. & Lenfant, F. (2016). Hybrid business models for peace and reconciliation, Business Horizons, 59(5), 503-524

Kolk, A. & Lenfant, F. (2015). Cross-sector collaboration, institutional gaps and fragility: The role of social innovation partnerships in a conflict-affected region. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, 34(2), 287-303

 Kolk, A. & Lenfant, F. (2014). Partnerships for peace and development in fragile states:Identifying missing links. Academy of Management Perspectives29(4), 422-437

Kolk, A. & Lenfant, F. (2013). Multinationals, CSR and partnerships in Central Africanconflict countries. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management,20(1), 43-54

Kolk, A. & Lenfant, F. (2012). Business-NGO collaboration in a conflict setting: Partnership activities in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Business and Society, 51(3), 478-511

Kolk, A. & Lenfant, F. (2012). Collaborative models to further sustainable development: Coffee partnerships in (post-)conflict countries In Central Africa, paper presented at Euram, June, 2012

Kolk, A. & Lenfant, F. (2010). MNC reporting on CSR and conflict in Central Africa. Journal of Business Ethics, 93, 241-255

Lenfant, F.; van Broekhoven L. & van Lierde F. (2009). Les conséquences de la guerre contre le terrorisme sur le monde des ONGs. Cultures et Conflits, 76, 67-86

Lenfant, F., & Rutten, R. (2013). Cordaid's experience with impact evaluation. Development in Practice, 23(1), 46-56

Lenfant, F. (2007), Rhetoric and reality in aid effectiveness, Ontrac 38, Intrac, Oxford

Lenfant, F. (2012), Civil Society at a new frontier: engaging with social movements, Ontrac 50, Intrac, Oxfor